Saturday, January 28, 2023
History

Very Modern Jong Islamieten Bond (JIB)

Islamic Youth Association or known as Jong Islamieten Bond (JIB), which is very modern, can compete with peranakans or Dutch children, who feel superior to the natives.

by: Rosdiansyah

| JONG ISLAMIETEN BOND (JIB) irreplaceable phenomenon. At least it’s hard to match it, because times are different. They are Mohammad Natsir, Kasman Singodemejo, Jusuf and Mohammad Roem, a quartet of JIB motors in the midst of changing times.

When the Japanese were about to arrive in the land of the equator, the Dutch were incomparably afraid. JIB activists share how to deal with a changing era.

Mohammad Natsir student Algemeene Middelbare School (AMS) class of 1927 in Bandung. He is Sjahrir’s classmate M. Natsir, Mohammad Roem’s contemporaries at AMS Bandung.

Even though they are of different ethnicity, both of them are united by the passion for “Need for Achievement” (NAc) to compete against Dutch children or Dutch peranakans who always feel superior to the natives. If Sjahrir is busy with the debate club “Patriae Scientifiqiae” (Mother Earth and Knowledge), then Natsir and Roem are active in Jong Islamieten Bond (JIB) Bandung.

JIB Bandung is unique, when it was first formed in 1926, it was directly chaired by the native Priangan father of Bandung, Emma Poeradiredja. Emma does not wear a hijab, but she is a devout Muslim.

He was born into a Sundanese noble family (menak). Originally, Emma was active in Jong Javabut he felt Jong Java not fitting because it emphasizes Javanese ethnicity, less modern and tribal.

As soon as JIB was formed in Bandung, Emma moved to Jong Islamieten Bond then appointed as chairman. JIB itself was formed in Batavia by Samsurijal on March 1, 1925, then together with Haji Agus Salim, Samsurijal formed a JIB branch in Bandung in 1926.

Many members of Jong Java crossed over to Jong Islamieten Bond. JIB members are accustomed to using Dutch in their conversations. That’s their everyday language.

They are not used to using Indonesian. Modern size at that time, to face the Netherlands.

George McT Kahin Indonesianist AS, a close friend of M Natsir, wrote an obituary in the Indonesian journal in 1993, that Natsir had only entered JIB in 1929. That is, two years after attending AMS Bandung. Previously, Natsir had been active in the Bandung Islamic Association (Persis).

Natsir was very impressed with the figure of Dr Van Bessem, the principal of the AMS Bandung school. It was from Van Bessem that Natsir learned Latin, Greek, French, German and English. Gembelngan AMS Bandung made Natsir very fluent in Latin, apart from Dutch and English, very modern at that time.

Whenever they met Roem, Jusuf Wibisono (Sjafruddin’s contemporaries at AMS) and Sjahrir, they always chatted in Dutch. In the hands of M Natsir, JIB Bandung developed rapidly, moreover JIB often held discussions in Dutch in one of the AMS school rooms.

Van Bessem allowed the use of the room, because Van Bessem had an open character. He is happy to see that his students are good at word processing, debating and love to read.

All of Van Bessem’s books have been thoroughly read by JIB activists. They have explored the world of literacy when they were young, even JIB activists know very well what it contains Das Kapital, etc.

In 1929, Sjahrir graduated from AMS, he was accepted at the law faculty of Amsterdam Universiteit. While Natsir graduated from AMS in 1930, he actually received two scholarships, namely to Leiden to study law and to Rotterdam to study economics.

However, Natsir chose to go to a teacher’s school (kweekschool) so that he has a basis for developing the Islamic Educational Institution (Pendis) that he has pioneered. Later, in January 1946, Natsir and Sukiman met Tan Malaka and General Sudirman in Solo to form the “Persatoean Perjoeangan” against Sjahrir’s first cabinet.*

History buff, lives in Surabaya

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